U.S. Labels 4 More Chinese Companies as Military-Controlled
The United States will ban 11 Chinese companies from buying American technology and other goods on suspicion of violating the rights of the Uyghur population in Xinjiang.
The list, compiled by the US Department of Commerce, covers a number of companies, including biotech companies, as well as those that make wigs and household appliances. US authorities claim that some of them use «forced labor involving Uighurs and other Muslim minority groups» in the Chinese region of Xinjiang. And they also accused some others of having links with «genetic analysis used to enhance repression» these groups.
U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross said in a statement on Monday that the restrictions will ensure that American goods and technology are not used to oppress the Chinese Communist Party’s defenseless Muslim minority.
Washington did not specify which US companies do business with designated Chinese companies. But according to a report released in June by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), Apple, Calvin Klein and Nike, among others, are partnering with some of the companies on the sanctions list. The report examines the facts the use of Uyghur labor in China, and it is alleged that these people «work in factories that are part of the supply chain of at least 83 renowned global brands in the technology, apparel and automotive industries».
Tensions between the United States and China have escalated over the past several months as the two hegemons battle over trade preferences and technology, leading to tensions between companies that rely heavily on strong economic relations between the world’s major powers..
This is not the first time that Washington has imposed sanctions on Chinese companies against Xinjiang. Last October, the U.S. government approached 28 Chinese companies, government agencies and security bureaus about their alleged role in promoting human rights abuses in Xinjiang..
The western Xinjiang region of China is culturally and ethnically different from most of the rest of the country, as the Autonomous Region is home to a large number of Uighurs and other Turkic peoples. The region has had an uneasy relationship with the government in Beijing over the years..
The U.S. Department of State estimates that since 2015, up to two million Muslim-majority Uyghurs and other Turkic minorities have been imprisoned in huge camps. "re-education" in Xinjiang, which the United States believes is part of Beijing’s widespread repression.
Chinese officials have long defended their actions in Xinjiang as necessary to combat extremism, which are in line with Chinese law and international practice..
«US abuses export controls under the guise of so-called human rights», – Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said on Tuesday Wang Wenbin. «This violates the basic norms of international relations, interferes in the internal affairs of China and damages the interests of China.».
Washington has also stepped up its efforts to ban Chinese forced labor products in recent weeks..
On July 1, US Customs and Border Protection seized 13 tons of human hair in products shipped from Xinjiang. A week later, the US Treasury announced sanctions against four officials of the Chinese Communist Party and the Xinjiang Public Security Bureau for human rights violations against Uyghur Muslims and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.